the value in parameter cannot be sorted. This feature is definitely in our feature request list.
One approach is to add number in front of the value. For instance, 1-Day, 2-Month, 3-Quarter.
Another approach is to use a table visual as filter. In below screenshot, I have added a “sort” column in dataset. and created a table with Day/Week/Month/Quarter/Year and another column “sort”. Then I hide the “sort” column. And you may use this table as a filter to filter values in other visuals.
Understand they are not exactly what you are asking, but try to share some ideas before we have this feature ready